This one is a bit delayed, as I remember all sorts of discussion about it around the time of the UK Riots in August 2011. But it’s an interesting one, as things don’t always mean exactly what you think they do. So, burglary, robbery – and a little extra: theft.
Burglary is not, as people tend to think, stealing from a house. It actually refers very specifically to illegal entry into a building with the intent to commit a crime such as theft. This is why some of the rioters were convicted of burglary and people thought it was odd because it was a shop rather than a house that they were going in to. It’s similar to breaking and entering, which isn’t actually now a British legal term (according to the Concise Oxford – sue them, not me!) which is the crime of entering a building by force in order to commit burglary (remember, burglary just involves illegal entry, which doesn’t have to be forceful if, for example, you’ve stolen or copied a key).
Robbery is the action of stealing from a person or place, so you’d do a burglary in order to do a robbery, I suppose.
And our little bonus entry: theft is the action or crime of stealing.
Nice. Well, I was asked!